シラバス情報

授業情報
※身につく能力について
複数の学科・専攻・コースで開講されている科目は、開講を担当する学科・専攻・コースの定めた「身につく能力」を表示しているため、履修要項・大学院要覧記載の「身につく能力」とは異なるものが表示されていることがあります。
そのため「身につく能力」については履修要項・大学院要覧も確認するようにしてください。
授業コード   Course Code 2MF3035000
授業開講年度   Year of Class 2019年度
授業形態   Course Mode 講義
授業名称   Class Name KC3009Japanese Literature
テーマ   Theme
科目名   Name of Subject KC3009Japanese Literature
英字科目名
English Name of Subject
KC3009Japanese Literature
身につく能力
Ability to be Acquired in This Class
◎=科目に最も関連する能力
〇=科目に関連する能力
知識・理解 Basic academic skills
知識・理解 General academic skills
汎用的技能 Communication in multiple languages
汎用的技能 Ability to analyse Japan's role in a globalizing society
態度・志向性 Leadership
態度・志向性 Humanity capable of forging transcultural human relations
態度・志向性 Ability to use language skills to engage in group projects
統合的な学習経験と創造的思考力 Ability to analyse problems that arise in global society and search for solutions to them
科目単位数   Credit 4
履修期   Term 春学期
教員氏名   Name of Teacher WATSON M.G
開講キャンパス   Campus 横浜
曜時   Day and Period 月曜2時限(春学期), 木曜2時限(春学期)
授業概要   Course Description We will read a wide range of Japanese literature from a global perspective. A range of fictional and factual techniques are found in narratives around the world. Are traditional and modern Japanese ways of telling a story peculiar to Japan, characteristic of other East Asian literatures, or found in narratives elsewhere? How do contemporary narratives differ from older narratives in style and technique? The key themes of this course are (1) "narratology" (the study of narrative); (2) "tradition" vs "innovation"; (3) "reception" and "intertextuality"; (4) "translatability."
到達目標   Class Goals To read works that are enjoyable in themselves and raise interesting points for discussion about Japanese culture and society, as well as universal themes of human experience. To think about literature from the perspective of linguistic and cultural background, considering problems of translation and reception (appreciation, influence, adaptation).
授業言語   Language 英語
アクティブ・ラーニング   Active Learning アクティブ・ラーニング対応
授業計画
Daily Class Schedule
【第1回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
(Mon. 4/8, Thu. 4/11) Introduction to the course.
Early fictional narratives. Read and discuss the opening scenes of:
The Bamboo Cutter's Tale / Taketori monogatari / 竹取物語. A tale of "wooing"; tales of unearthly beings (10C = 10th century);
The Tale of Ochikubo / Ochikubo monogatari / 落窪物語. A "Cinderella" story of an evil stepmother (10C)
Comparisons with openings of traditional and modern narratives in Japan and elsewhere.
Discussion topics:
Universal motifs vs culture-specific motives. Social elements. Realism and fantasy.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
From the second class, you are expected to prepare by doing the set readings BEFORE each class as well as completing any written assignments. The Reader includes selections of all texts in English translation. If you read Japanese, compare the selected passages in Japanese. Each team will be given different sections to prepare, but you should look through the full packet of readings for this week. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Q: "How do traditional tales begin? What are some of the typical formats of narrative openings?" Comment on the assigned texts, adding at least one example from the supplementary reading list. Write a one-page response in English and submit to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format, not Word, Pages, etc. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第2回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 2. (Mon. 4/15, Thu 4/18) This week we will explore the development of short forms of FICTION by Japanese writers. We will look at short tales in collections of tales as well as embedded narratives (tales within longer narratives). We will look at how the tales END, some with a punchline, some with a poem, some with a reflective comment.

We will focus on tales that describe strange and uncanny events, the "other"; monsters, etc.
We will read and discuss assigned selections from the following works. Each team will read at least three contrasting examples.

Accounts of Miracles in Japan / Nihon ryōiki 日本霊異記 (late 9C)
The Tale of the Hollow Tree / Utsuho monogatari うつほ物語 (late 10C)
The Tale of Genji / Genji monogatari 源氏物語 (early 11C)
Tales of Times Now Past / Konjaku monogatarishū 今昔物語集 (12C)
A Collection of Tales from Uji / Uji shūi monogatari 宇治拾遺物語 (early 13C)
The Riverside Counselor's Tales / Tsutsumi chūnagon monogatari 堤中納言物語 (11-14C)
Essays in Idleness / Tsurezuregusa / 徒然草 (1330s)
The Tale of the Heike / Heike monogatari 平家物語 (14C)
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Do the set readings BEFORE each class. From this week, the class will be divided into teams of students of different cultural and linguistic backgrounds. You will need to contact each other outside of class to prepare for class discussions and presentations. Read carefully the assigned texts from the Reader. Each team will be given sections to prepare, but you should look through the full packet of readings for this week. Additional readings: Kimbrough and Shirane (2018) Monsters, Animals, and Other Worlds: A Collection of Short Medieval Japanese Tales. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
What are the different ways that writers deal with STRANGE events or the UNCANNY? Discuss how this topic is dealt with in at least three of the texts. Write a one-page response in English and submit to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第3回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 3 (Mon. 4/22, Thu. 4/25)
Autobiographical diaries and memoirs
To understand the development of fiction in Japan, we need to look at non-fictional writing, the so-called nikki genre. Nikki literally means "daily account" but the term covers a wider area, from diaries to memoirs. These focus on human relations, love, unhappiness, grief, jealousy, etc., all of which are central themes in narrative fiction. Question to think about: what is the relation between supposedly factual writing (nikki, diaries and memoirs) and fictional writing (monogatari, invented tales)?
(Mon. 4/22) We begin first with the most famous diaries:
The Kagero Diary / Kagerō nikki / 蜻蛉日記. Memories of a marriage (10C)
The Tosa Diary / Tosa nikki / 土佐日記 (930s)
The Diary of Murasaki Shikibu / Murasaki Shikibu nikki 紫式部日記 (early 11C)
The Pillow Book Sei Shonagon 清少納言 / Makura no sōshi 枕草子 (early 11C)
(Focus will be on the "diary-like" sections of the Pillow Book.)
(Thu. 4/25) We look at a much larger collection, with a focus on travels, personal encounters, dreams, reflections.... Each team will read at least three contrasting examples:
Ennin's Diary / Junrei gyōki 巡礼行記. Diary of a journey to China by a Heian-period monk, Ennin 円仁 (9C) // The Diary of Izumi Shikibu / Izumi shikibu nikki 和泉式部日記 (10C). By court lady and poet. // The Sarashina Diary / Sarashina nikki 更級日記 (early 11C). By Sugawara no Takasue no musume 菅原孝標女 (1008-?). // Records of the Midō Chancellor / Midō kanpakuki 御堂関白記. Diary by Fujiwara no Michinaga (995-1018). // The Pillow Book / Makura no sōshi 枕草子 (early 11C). By Sei Shōnagon. // Chūyūki 中右記. A diary in Chinese by a nobleman, Fujiwara no Munetada, covering years 1087-1138. // Dream diary / Yume no ki 夢 の記 by Myōe Shōnin 明恵上人 (1173-1232). Monk's diary. // The Record of the Clear Moon / Meigetsuki 明月記. Diary (1180-1235) by courtier and poet, Fujiwara no Teika. // Lady Nijō's Tale / Towazugatari / とはずがたり (more literally, "The Unrequested Tale") (late 1200s). // The Diary of the Waning Moon / Izayoi nikki / 一六夜日記. Travel diary by a nun, Abutsu-ni 阿仏尼 (late 1200s). // The Diary of Lady Ben / Ben no naishi nikki / 弁内侍日記 by the court lady Ben no Naishi (1228-1270). // The Journey of Sōchō / Sōchō shuki 宗長手記. Written between 1522 and 1527 by renga poet.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Read carefully the assigned texts from the Reader, which includes selections of these works Each team will be assigned several works to prepare, but you should look through the full packet of readings for this week. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Q: "Which one of these works reads like a diary in the literal meaning of the term NIKKI 日記 is 'daily account'? Which of these works are more like autobiographical writing ('memoirs')? How much is true and how much fictionalized?" Many of the diarists respond to similar experiences, but do so in different ways. Choose one the topics discussed (travels, personal encounters, dreams, reflections) or identify another topic that is common to several diaries. Discuss how this topic is dealt with in at least three of the texts. Write a one-page response in English and submit to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第4回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Golden Week: No classes on April 2 and May 2. You should read the first four chapters of the readings from the Tale of Genji.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Before the long holiday, borrow or buy a copy of a translation of the Tale of Genji, the main focus of classes in May. We will read chapters 1-4, so get ahead with the reading. There are four translations of Tale of Genji in English, as well as some partial translations. The library (B2) has class sets of translations by E.G. Seidensticker and Royall Tyler, as well as single copies of translations by Arthur Waley (prewar) and Dennis Washburn. I will begin by recommending which translation to read. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
As you read the chapters from the Tale of Genji, look back at what you have learned so far about the development of fictional and non-fictional prose in Japan. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第5回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 5. The Tale of Genji / Genji monogatari. Introduction.
(Mon. 5/6) We will start the study of this classic by reading the “Defense of fiction” from chapter 24 (Hotaru / “Fireflies”). (Thu. 5/9) The Tale of Genji. Excerpts from chapter 1.
Topics: The fictional world of the tale and the actual world of the Heian capital.
How premodern writers understood the concept of FICTION. The relation between fiction, verisimilitude, "lies" and "truth." Narrative techniques. Characterization, description, representation of speech/thought, narrative commentary (sōshiji), intertextuality.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Read selections from chapter 24 and selections from chapter 1. The Reader gives details of the passages you must read from The Tale of Genji, with questions to guide you in your reading. You will be quizzed on the reading passages so be sure to do the reading by the date assigned. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Write a one-page response to the week's reading in English and submit to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第6回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 6. The Tale of Genji, Chapter 4 (Yūgao / “Evening Faces”) (1).
(Mon. 5/13) First half of The Tale of Genji, Chapter 4 (Yūgao / “Evening Faces”)/
Quiz on reading. (Text can be read in different translations. A key will be provided so that you will know what pages to read in each translation.)
Student presentations (individual or team).
Short lecture: love and sexuality in the fictional world of the Tale.
(Thu. 5/16) Continue reading The Tale of Genji, Chapter 4 (Yūgao / “Evening Faces”)
Quiz on reading.
Student presentations (individual or team).
Discussion: Why can there be no definitive translation of Genji monogatari?
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Read selections from chapter 4. The Reader gives questions to guide you in your reading. You will be quizzed on the reading passages so be sure to do the reading by the date assigned. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Choose one of the discussion questions and submit a one-page response in English to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第7回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 7. ) The Tale of Genji. Chapter 4 (Yūgao / “Evening Faces”), second half.
(Mon. 5/20) The Tale of Genji. Chapter 4 (Yūgao / “Evening Faces”) (3).
Quiz on reading.
Lecture topic: Introduction to Noh drama. How playwrights dramatized episodes from Genji.
Lecture topic: Pictorialization. Text and image: the cultural impact of Genji.
Student presentation(s).
(Thu. 5/23) Presentations on the The Tale of Genji
Reading an eleventh-century work in the twenty-first century.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Read final selections from chapter 4. The Reader gives questions to guide you in your reading. You will be quizzed on the reading passages so be sure to do the reading by the date assigned. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Submit midterm report (1500 words) on the Tale of Genji by Sun., May 26 to e-learning. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第8回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 8 The Tale of the Heike / Heike monogatari (1)
(Mon. 5/27) Introduction to The Tale of the Heike / Heike monogatari
Lecture: Medieval Japan and the Genpei war, (1180–1185). Fact and fiction in the greatest “epic” in Japanese literature. Quiz on reading of excerpts from the tale of Giō (ch. 1).
(Thu. 5/30) The Tale of the Heike / Heike monogatari
It’s not all about men on the battlefield! The important role of female characters. Pictorialization and dramatization. Monks, nuns, warriors, male and female courtiers, wives, husbands... the wide variety of people represented in this narrative.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Finish reading the assigned readings from The Tale of Heike, chapters 1–2 by Monday, chapters 3–4 by Thursday. See library B2 (895) for class set of Royall Tyler, The Tale of the Heike (2012). Compare another translation (1) Helen Craig McCullough or abridged translation by Burton Watson. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Q: Choose one of these topics to discuss. "Which of these episodes did you respond to most?" / "How are women represented in this narrative?" / "What are some of the techniques used to make battle descriptions vivid?" / "How is this work MORE than just a battle narrative?" Write a one-page response in English and submit to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第9回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 9. The Tale of the Heike (2) and noh theatre
(Mon. 6/3) The Tale of the Heike
Short lecture: The great battles of the war. Epic combat, East and West.
Quiz on reading of excerpts: “The Battle of the Bridge” (ch. 4) and “Sanemori” (ch. 7).
Class discussion of different translations. How well can this work be translated?
(Thu. 6/6)
Introduction to Noh theatre. Noh plays dramatizing episodes from the Tale of the Heike.
During the course of the semester, we will visit the Noh theatre to see one or two plays. Performances are held on Saturday or Sunday afternoon, or week nights.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Finish reading the assigned readings from The Tale of Heike, chapters 5–6 by Monday, chapters 7–8 by Thursday. The Reader gives questions to guide you in your reading. You will be quizzed on the reading passages so be sure to do the reading by the date assigned. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Q: Which episodes did you respond to most? What are the major themes so far in the Tale of the Heike? Write a one-page response in English and submit to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第10回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 10. The Tale of the Heike (3)
(Mon. 6/10) The Tale of the Heike. Narrative structure of time and place. “Warrior noh” plays (shuramono)
Quiz on reading of excerpts from The Tale of Heike, chapters 9–10.
(Thu. 6/13) The Tale of the Heike. War and its aftermath. Major themes in the work. Quiz on reading of excerpts from chapters 11–12 and the Epilogue.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Finish reading the assigned readings from The Tale of Heike, chapters 9–10 by Monday, chapters 11–12 and the Epilogue by Thursday. The Reader gives questions to guide you in your reading. You will be quizzed on the reading passages so be sure to do the reading by the date assigned. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Q: This section of the work contains the central battles of the Genpei War. Which episodes did you respond to most? Looking back at the work, what are the central themes of the work?
Write a one-page response in English and submit to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format.
目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第11回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 11. Literature in the Edo period
(Mon. 6/17) Introduction to the many different sides of Edo literature.
Life outside of the city. Bashō. Haikai and haibun.
(Thu. 6/20) Edo literature (2)
Urban culture. Saikaku.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Prepare readings from Early Modern Japanese Literature: An Anthology, 1600-1900, ed. Haruo Shirane (2004); An Edo Anthology: Literature from Japan's Mega-City, 1750–1850, ed. Sumie Jones (2013). 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Choose one of the discussion questions and submit a one-page response in English to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第12回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 12. Continuity and innovation in Japanese fiction
(Mon. 6/24) Edo to Meiji
Changes in language, genres of literature, social modes, Westernization
Readings include selections from two books on reserve in the library: Early Modern Japanese Literature: An Anthology, 1600-1900, ed. Haruo Shirane (2004); The Columbia Anthology of Modern Japanese Literature, vol. 1: From Restoration to Occupation, 1868–1945, ed. J. Thomas Rimer and Van C. Gessel (2005).
Stories for discussion include the following:
"Meat and Potatoes" by Kunikida Doppo (Rimer and Gessel 2005)
Excerpts from writings by Natsume Sōseki (Rimer and Gessel 2005)

(Thu. 6/27) Continuity and innovation in Japanese fiction
We will look at some of the wide variety of narrative forms in writings of Meiji period to Interwar Years. Examples will be chosen from writers like Izumi Kyōka, Akutagawa Ryūnosuke, Tanizaki Jun'ichirō. We will look particularly at narratives that take a modern approach to elements of traditional Japanese culture.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Check the reserved books in the library (1F) for two volumes of The Columbia Anthology of Modern Japanese Literature edited by Rimer & Gessel. Read works by the authors discussed this week. Check the library catalogue for translations by the same authors or browse holdings on the shelves. (Most are under shelf number 895, either on 1F, language section, or floor B2.) 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Submit a one-page response in English to the week's reading. Submit to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第13回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 13. Translation and reception outside of Japan
(Mon. 7/1) Examples of translation and reception outside of Japan
The postwar era brought international attention to major Japanese writers like Tanizaki Jun'ichirō, Kawabata Yasunari, and Mishima Yukio. This trend has continued today with contemporary writers like writers like Murakami Haruki, Yoshimoto Banana, Ogawa Yōko, and others. What factors help to make writers successful in translation?

(Thu. 7/4) From classical and modern Japanese literature: translation and reception.
Lecture: Continuity and innovation in Japanese fiction
Without translators, these writers would not be known outside of Japan. But an important role is played by magazine editors and book reviewers, as well as by general readers who pass on recommendations to friends or (in recent years) blog or comment online positively or negatively about works by Japanese writer. We will examine this kind of "reader reception."
予習内容
Preparation for Class
By July 5 (Friday), you should decide the name of the modern author or modern literary work (literary genre) to present about in one of the last three classes (7/8, 7/11, 7/18) and in your final report. To help you choose, we will also visit the library together. With my permission, you may also choose writers not on the list. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Submit a one-page explanation of the author or work that you have chosen. Submit it to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第14回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 14. Contemporary fiction.
(Mon. 7/9) Over the last few decades, much Japanese writing has been made available in English either through magazine publication (New Yorker, Monkey Business, Granta, etc.) or in anthologies of short stories. What is the recipe for a successful mix of stories? Can stories stand on their own without introduction or cultural / linguistic explanation?
(Thu. 7/11) Contemporary narratives: their themes and techniques.
Student presentations on modern and contemporary narratives. One recommended theme to investigate is the importance of writing by women about women.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Working in teams, read assigned stories and evaluate the anthologies. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Q: What kind of anthology makes the most impact? How would you choose stories for an anthology? Write a one-page response to the week's reading in English and submit to "Reports" on the e-learning site using PDF format. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
【第15回】 授業内容
Content/Topic
Week 15. Final presentations and report presentation
There will be no class on Mon., July 15, Umi no hi, “Sea Day”
Submit your plan for final report to e-learning by July 17 (Wed).
(Thu. 7/18) Looking back at writers discussed.
Final discussion. Remaining presentations (if necessary).
Spring semester classes end on Sat. July 20.
予習内容
Preparation for Class
Look back at writers discussed. Prepare for your final report due on July 25. 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
復習内容
Review of Class
Submit final report (1500-2000 words) to e-learning by July 24 (Wed). 目安時間
Hours
2 時間
授業に関する注意事項   
Remarks for Class
All texts can be read in English. Many can also be read in Japanese (or modern Japanese translation). Answers must be written in English using the e-learning site. You will need to prepare by doing the set readings BEFORE each class as well as completing any written assignments.
教科書   Texts Six books are on reserve in the Library (1F, opposite the check-out counter). Shirane (2007) Traditional Japanese literature; Shirane (2004) Early Modern Japanese Literature: An Anthology, 1600-1900; Rimer and Gessel (2005) The Columbia Anthology of Modern Japanese Literature, vol. 1: From Restoration to Occupation, 1868–1945; vol. 2: From 1945 to the Present Day; Tyler (2001) The Tale of Genji; Tyler (2012) The Tale of the Heike.
参考書   Reference Books Shirane and Suzuki (2016) The Cambridge history of Japanese Literature.
Rimer (1978) Modern Japanese fiction and its traditions: an introduction
On reserve in the Library (1F, opposite the check-out counter).
成績評価の基準   
Evaluation Criteria
Active participation and oral presentations (25%), weekly e-learning assignments (25%), midterm report (25%), final report (25%).
関連URL   Related URL http://www.meijigakuin.ac.jp/~pmjs/trans/index.html
備考   Notes You will be expected to READ carefully, DISCUSS actively, and WRITE thoughtfully and clearly.
添付ファイルの注意事項   Notice
更新日時   Date of  Update 2019年02月10日 10時41分59秒